The Italian Embassy in Tehran, in collaboration with Iranian National Museum of Science and Technology (INMOST), on the occasion of “International Day of Italy Research”, and the 500th death anniversary of Leonardo Da Vinci, held the program of "the Genius of Leonardo Da Vinci” by the attendance of Iranian and Italian experts and scholars in Iran National Museum Hall on April 15th, 2019.
At the beginning of the gathering, Dr. Jebrael Nokandeh, the director of Iran National Museum welcomed guests and appreciated organizers of the program. He said Leonardo Da Vinci, is the genius of the Renaissance, who has passed the boundaries of time and space and right now his thoughts are the foundation of the contemporary scientific age.
Then Dr. Seifollah Jalili, INMOST chairman said: this gathering is a joint event between the Iranian National Museum of Science and Technology, National Museum of Iran and Italian Embassy in Iran, on the occasion of the 500th death anniversary of Leonardo da Vinci to discuss on dimmer aspects of this Italian star in order to pay much attention to the unifying role of him as a scientist with great scientists of the world. He also emphasized that this genius of all the centuries like Avicenna, Al-Biruni, Galilei and many other genius people will stay alive in the history and his scientific works and services will always shed light on the path of posterity. Leonardo da Vinci is respected by all nations. When you look at Mona Lisa, Last Supper, and Salvator Mundi paintings it seems that you belong to the supernatural world, the world that only people like Leonardo can imagine and paint. Dr. Jalili added: today by the advance of technology the gap has decreased but human beings face challenges and rulers who cause war and destruction and at this time more than ever, they need unifying people like Leonardo to convey the sense of unity to the nations to approach human to his position as supreme creature to overcome the racial and territorial boundaries. He also emphasized science and technologies always eliminate borders, and scientists are the connection between nations. He also mentioned Iranian people are friends of science and Iranian National Museum of Science and Technology attempts to hold different scientific programs to step forward for the dialogue among nations and governments.
Pier Luigi Zamporlini, vice president of the Italian ambassador in Tehran pointed to the attempts of Italian Scientific-Cultural counselors to introduce the Italian scientists, their works and thoughts to people all around the world. He also said that 116 similar events were held in 78 countries and in Iran in collaboration with the Iranian Ministry of Health and the University of Medical Sciences, we have decided to establish a steady structure of scientific cooperation between Iran and Italy, which will certainly be a connection between science and culture to unite the 2 countries.
He said naturally we cannot all be Da Vinci because he was a genius, but the curiosity of this scientist can inspire all youth to build the future
Dr. Giuseppina Ferriello- Ph.D. in architecture and Research Ph.D. in Iran studies- emphasized that all science, like philosophy, theology, painting, architecture, mechanics and poetry are blended in Da Vinci's works, e.g. Da Vinci considers mechanics as the paradise of mathematical science and in his book "The Rules of Painting" he emphasizes if reader does not know math he should not read this book. This indicates the joint between different sciences in his view. She further said the Western scholars were under the influence of Iranian scholars’ works and thoughts and these effects are obvious in Da Vinci book of "Atlantic Principles". The book of Meyar-al-Uqul by Avicenna, one of Da Vinci resources, was brought to France by Louis XIV.
She said with the help of Iranian colleagues, we are constantly identifying a variety of scientific resources. We study these resources, revealing differences and similarities. It is worth mentioning that many of the scientific works of Renaissance-era have been affected by old resources gathered by Iranian scientists, translators, and researchers.
She also mentioned, in the past, the Arabic language was the official language of science; hence, most westerners consider Iranian scholars as Arabs, although most of the scientists in the world were Iranian, and the main features of their works were the pictures and drawings of them.
The next speaker Romano Gatto the professor of Basilicata University He started his speech on the role of Heron in Leonardo Mechanics. He said Leonardo was a painter, architect, sculptor, musician, anatomist and the genius of other sciences but through my researchers in mechanics I got, he was under the influence of scientists who lived before him.
The next speaker, Alfredo Buccaro, the professor of Federico II University professor pointed out to Da Vinci's book "The Rules of Painting" and he said Leonardo da Vinci did not discover all the issues himself because, in this book, there are images and texts on the subject of mechanical machines that are similar to the objects before them; of course Da Vinci had the art of drawing all the scientific issues very well. He wrote his observations with very brief sketches and in this way; he made a new movement in scientific methods.
At the end of this event Prof. Mohammad Bagheri, Tehran University Professor presented his speech on the Perpetual Motion in Islamic Sources and in the work of Leonardo Da Vinci.